The Mission of the March of Dimes is to improve the health of babies by preventing birth defects, preterm birth, and infant mortality. Prematurity is the leading cause of newborn death and a major determinant of illness and disability among infants. The March of Dimes leads the national Prematurity Campaign, with the goal of achieving equity and demonstrated improvements in preterm birth. For more information, visit marchofdimes.org/prematurity
National Center for Health Statistics, final natality data.
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Prematurity risk factors compiled by March of Dimes available at marchofdimes.org/pregnancy/preterm-labor-and-birth.aspx.
IPUMS-USA, University of Minnesota, ipums.org. American Community Survey, US Census Bureau.
Blumenshine P, Egerter S, Barclay CJ, et al. Socioeconomic disparities in adverse birth outcomes: a systematic review. Am J Prev Med 2010;39(3):263-72.
National Center for Health Statistics, period linked birth/infant death data.
Long-term health effects of preterm birth compiled by March of Dimes available at marchofdimes.org/complications/long-term-health-effects-of-premature-birth.aspx
Waitzman NJ, Jalali A, Grosse SD. Preterm birth lifetime costs in the United States in 2016: An update. Semin Perinatol. 2021 Apr;45(3):151390. doi: 10.1016/j.semperi.2021.151390. Epub 2021 Jan 24. PMID: 33541716