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Location: Alabama
Topic: Smoking before pregnancy by race/ethnicity
Format: PRAMS Graph
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Smoking before pregnancy by race/ethnicity: Alabama, 2003

Note: Vertical lines in graph represent 95% confidence intervals. Certain categories are not shown due to small numbers or missing data.
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• In Alabama in 2003, 5.3% of Hispanic mothers reported smoking during the three months before getting pregnant, compared to 30.6% of white mothers and 10.2% of black mothers. 


  • All race categories exclude Hispanics.
  • Smoking before pregnancy: mother reported smoking during three months before getting pregnant.
  • Other include races/ethnicities other than Hispanic, white or black.
  • For more information about the availability of PRAMS data by state and year, refer to the Calculations page.


  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System.
  • Retrieved March 21, 2018, from