California


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View Birth Defects Data

Birth Defects

Prevalence by Maternal Race/Ethnicity

Central Nervous System

• Anencephalus
• Spina bifida without anencephalus
• Encephalocele
• Holoprosencephaly

Eye

• Anophthalmia/microphthalmia
• Congenital cataract

Ear

• Anotia/microtia

Cardiovascular

• Aortic valve stenosis
• Coarctation of the aorta
• Double outlet right ventricle
• Pulmonary valve atresia
• Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection
• Atrial septal defect
• Common truncus (truncus arteriosus)
• Ebstein anomaly
• Single ventricle
• Tricuspid valve atresia
• Atrioventricular septal defect
• Dextro-transposition of great arteries (d-TGA)
• Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
• Tetralogy of Fallot

Orofacial

• Cleft lip alone
• Cleft lip with cleft palate
• Cleft palate alone

Gastrointestinal

• Biliary atresia
• Small intestinal atresia/stenosis
• Esophageal atresia/tracheoesophageal fistula
• Rectal and large intestinal atresia/stenosis

Genitourinary

• Hypospadias
• Renal agenesis/hypoplasia

Musculoskeletal

• Craniosynostosis
• Limb deficiencies (reduction defects)
• Diaphragmatic hernia
• Omphalocele
• Gastroschisis

Chromosomal

• Trisomy 13
• Trisomy 18
• Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome)

Prevalence by Maternal Age

Chromosomal

• Trisomy 13
• Trisomy 18
• Trisomy 21 (Down syndrome)

Other Data

Perinatal Overview

 • Prematurity Profile

Births

 • Birth rate
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
 • % by maternal age
 • % by race
 • % by race/ethnicity

Preterm Birth

 • Overall distribution
 • Preterm birth
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     by plurality
 • Late preterm birth
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     by plurality
 • Very preterm birth
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     by plurality

Birthweight

 • Overall distribution
 • Low birthweight
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     by plurality
     among singletons
     among multiples
 • Very low birthweight
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     by plurality
     among singletons
     among multiples

Prenatal Care

 • Timing distribution
 • Early care
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
 • Late/no care
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
 • Adequacy distribution
 • Adequate/adeq+ care
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
 • Inadequate care
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity

Mortality

 • Infant mortality rates
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
 • Age at infant death
     Neonatal deaths
     Postneonatal deaths
 • % by age at death
 • % by race/ethnicity
 • Cause of infant death
     birth defects
     mat. comp.
     prematurity/lbw
     RDS
     SIDS
     NTDs
 • International IMRs
 • Perinatal mortality
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
 • Late fetal mortality
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
 • Maternal mortality

Singletons & Multiples

 • Overall distribution
 • Singleton deliveries
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     % low birthweight
     % very low birthweight
 • Multiple deliveries
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     % low birthweight
     % very low birthweight
 • Twin deliveries
 • Triplets & higher order

Delivery Method

 • Overall distribution
 • Total C-sections
     by maternal age
     by race
     by race/ethnicity
     by plurality
     among singletons
     among multiples
 • Primary C-sections
 • Repeat C-sections
 • VBAC

Smoking/Alcohol/Drugs

 • Binge alcohol, women
 • Illicit drug use, total
 • Smoking, women
 • Smoking, men

Obesity

 • Obesity, women

Infections

 • Chlamydia
 • Gonorrhea
 • Syphilis
 • Congenital syphilis

Health Insurance/Income

 • Uninsured children
 • Uninsured women
 • Medicaid coverage

Newborn Screening

 No Data Available

Folic Acid

 No Data Available

Population

 • Women 15-44 years
     % women by age
     % women by race
     % women by race/ethnicity
     % women in poverty
 • Children <19 years
     % children by race
     % children by race/ethnicity
     % children in poverty
 • Total population
     % total by race
     % total by race/ethnicity

MCH Programs

 No Data Available

Birth Defects

 California reports on 38 Birth Defects. Scroll to the top of this page for the full list.

NICU (PRAMS)

 No Data Available

Breastfeeding (PRAMS)

 No Data Available

Infant Healthcare (PRAMS)

 No Data Available

Preconception/Interconception (PRAMS)

 No Data Available