How will I know if I'm pregnant
If you think you’re pregnant, take a home pregnancy test. If it’s positive, call your provider to get a blood test to confirm that you’re pregnant.
If you’re having unprotected sex, you can get pregnant if you have sex any time from 5 days before to the day of ovulation.
Use the March of Dimes Ovulation Calendar to find out when you ovulate so you know when to have sex to try to get pregnant.
If you’re having trouble getting pregnant, don’t give up! It may just take time. Talk to your provider if you’re worried that it’s taking too long.
How do you know when you’re pregnant?
You may be pregnant if:
- You miss your period.
- Your breasts are big and sore. The area around your nipples gets darker.
- You have to urinate (pee) a lot.
- You feel sick to your stomach or throw up.
- You feel tired all the time.
- You feel moody.
- You feel bloated. This means your body feels full or like it’s swollen.
If you have any of these signs and symptoms and you think you may be pregnant, take a home pregnancy test and call your health care provider. Sometimes home pregnancy tests can give you a false-positive result. Your provider can confirm if you really are pregnant by giving you a blood test and a physical exam.
How does pregnancy happen?
Each month your ovaries release an egg about 14 days before the first day of your period. This is called ovulation. When you and your partner have unprotected sex around the time of ovulation, his sperm swim to meet your egg and fertilize it. The fertilized egg (also called an embryo) moves through your fallopian tubes and attaches or implants to the wall of your uterus where it grows and develops into a baby.
You can get pregnant if you have unprotected sex any time from 5 days before and the day of ovulation. The more often you have sex during this time, the more likely you are to get pregnant. Your egg is fertile (can become an embryo) for 12 to 24 hours after ovulation. Your partner’s sperm can live inside you for up to 72 hours after you have sex.
Are there things your partner can do to help improve his sperm?
Yes. Your partner may be able to make his sperm healthier and to make more sperm to help you get pregnant. Here’s what he can do:
- Get treated for health conditions. Having diabetes, kidney problems and being obese, may affect his sperm.
- Talk to his provider about any medicines he takes. This includes prescription and over-the-counter (also called OTC) medicine, supplements and herbal products. Ask your partner to talk to his provider to make sure the medicine he takes doesn’t affect his sperm.
- Stop smoking, drinking alcohol and using drugs that can affect his fertility (his ability to get you pregnant). Drugs that can affect your partner’s fertility include marijuana and cocaine.
- Talk to his provider about chemicals that can affect fertility, including metals (like lead) and radiation and chemotherapy for cancer.
What if you’re trying to get pregnant, but you don't get pregnant right away?
If you’ve been trying to get pregnant for 3 or 4 months, keep trying. It may just take more time.
You may want to think about fertility treatment (medical treatment to help you get treatment) if:
- You’re younger than 35 and have been trying to get pregnant for more than a year.
- You’re older than 35 and have been trying to get pregnant for 6 months.
Your provider can give you and your partner some tests to help find out why you’re having trouble getting pregnant. If there’s a problem, there’s a good chance it can be treated.