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United States

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Location: United States
Topic: Cost of preterm birth
Format: Bar Graph
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Cost of preterm birth: United States, 2005

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• In 2005, the annual societal economic cost (medical, educational, and lost productivity) associated with preterm birth in the United States was at least $26.2 billion. 
• During that same year the average first year medical costs, including both inpatient and outpatient care were about 10 times greater for preterm ($32,325) than for term infants ($3,325). 
• According to a recent analysis by Thomson Reuters, while health plans paid the majority of total allowed costs, out of pocket expenses were substantial and significantly higher for premature/LBW newborns compared with uncomplicated newborns. 


  • Preterm is less than 37 weeks of pregnancy.


  • Institute of Medicine. 2007. Preterm Birth: Causes, Consequences, and Prevention. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. Published and unpublished analyses.
  • Retrieved December 05, 2021, from