United States

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Quick Facts: Health Insurance/Income

Health insurance coverage affects how people use health care services. According to the Institute of Medicine, health insurance status is the single most important influence in determining whether health care is accessible to children when they need it. Additionally, uninsured women receive fewer prenatal services and report greater difficulty in obtaining needed care than women with insurance. The uninsured are less likely to have a usual source of medical care and more likely to delay or forgo needed health care services.

• In the United States, 1 in 5 women of childbearing age (ages 15-44) was uninsured in 2010. This rate (21.7%) was a 2.7% decrease from the rate in 2009 (22.3%), and was greater than the rate for all Americans under age 65 (18.4%).
• In 2010, women of childbearing age accounted for 27.1% of all uninsured Americans.
• Hispanic women ages 15-44 were more than twice as likely as non-Hispanic white women to be uninsured - 37.2% compared with 16.3%. American Indian/Alaska Native (34.3%), African American (25.1%) and Asian/Pacific Islander women (20.6%) were also more likely than white women to be uninsured.
• In 2010, nearly 8.0 million (10.0%) of the nation's 79.3 million children under 19 were uninsured - a slight decrease in the rate of uninsured from 2009.
• Hispanic children were more than twice as likely as non-Hispanic whites to be uninsured- 16.9% compared with 7.1%. American Indian/Alaska Native (17.6%), African-American (10.8%) and Asian/Pacific Islander children (9.3%) were also more likely than whites to be uninsured.
• Medicaid and the Children's Health Insurance Program remain critical sources of health insurance for children- more than 34% of those under age 19, according to the Census data.
• According to the latest survey from the National Governor's Association, 41.0% of births in the United States were covered under Medicaid in 2003.
• For more detailed data, click on the topic edit button in search tool on left side, select one of the Subtopics from drop down list under this topic. Here you'll find more graphs, maps, and tables that pertain to this topic.
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  • Data collected by the National Governors Association, August 2010 - October 2010.
  • US Census Bureau. Data prepared for the March of Dimes using the Current Population Survey Annual Social and Economic Supplements.
  • Kaiser Commission on Medicaid and the Uninsured. 2002. Health Insurance Coverage in America: 2000 Data Update. Washington, D.C.
  • Institute of Medicine. 1998. America's Children: Health Insurance and Access to Care. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Bernstein, A. 1999. Insurance Status and Use of health Services by Pregnant Women. March of Dimes.
  • Institute of Medicine. 2002. Health Insurance Is a Family Matter. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C.
  • Retrieved June 24, 2017, from www.marchofdimes.org/peristats.