Substance use during pregnancy, including smoking, alcohol and illicit drugs, is a risk factor for adverse birth outcomes, such as birth defects, developmental disabilities, preterm birth, low birthweight and infant mortality.
| ||In New York City in 2011, 1.9% of mothers reported smoking during the last three months of pregnancy.|
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Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System.
Retrieved August 25, 2016, from www.marchofdimes.org/peristats.