Preterm birth is defined as a live birth before 37 completed weeks gestation. Some other classifications of preterm births include late preterm (34-36 weeks), moderately preterm (32-36 weeks) and very preterm (<32 weeks). These classifications are useful because they often correspond to clinical characteristics - increasing morbidities or illnesses with decreasing gestational age. Babies born too soon are often born too small. While the causes of preterm birth and low birthweight may be different in some cases, there is significant overlap within these populations of infants.
| ||In 2012, 1 in 8 babies (13.3% of live births) was born preterm in Chicago.|
| ||Between 2002 and 2012, the rate of infants born preterm in Chicago declined nearly 8%.|
| ||The rate of preterm birth in Chicago is highest for black infants (17.6%), followed by Hispanics (12.3%), Native Americans (12.0%), Asians (10.7%) and whites (10.0%).|
| ||Compared with singleton births (one baby), multiple births in Chicago were about 5 times as likely to be preterm in 2012.|
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March of Dimes 2020 Goal
Reduce preterm births to no more than 9.6% of live births.
For more information, see here.
Healthy people 2020
Preterm births: reduce to no more than 11.4% of live births.
National Center for Health Statistics, final natality data.
Retrieved March 31, 2015, from www.marchofdimes.org/peristats.